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Guanacaste and Costa Rica simbols

Guanacaste is a province of Costa Rica
located in the north west part of the country, and has the second largest land mass of the territory of Costa Rica.

Located on the northwest region of Costa Rica, Guanacaste is the country’s second largest province. It borders the Pacific Ocean to the west and has a coastal length of 1022 kilometers. Guanacaste’s capital city is Liberia, one of the province’s fully developed tourist zones.

Flag of Guanacaste   Coat of Arms of Guanacaste
Flag of Guanacaste   Coat of Arms of Guanacaste



El Guanacaste, Nacional Tree of Costa Rica.

The Tree

Costa Rica’s National Tree is known also as Elephant Ear Tree (Enterolobium cyclocarpum) with white flowers grouped in small and spherical inflorescences. The name of the tree comes from the Aztec language, quaitil = tree and nacaztli = ear, in other words, the tree of ears or ear tree.


Photo of Guanacaste Tree, National tree of Costa Rica
Photo of Guanacaste Tree, National tree of Costa Rica


The Guanacaste Tree extends its branches like a giant umbrella giving an excellent shade that may exceed a 10 meter diameter. This tree can grow to a height of 30 meters and its trunk can reach a diameter of 2.5 meters.  The Guanacaste Tree loses its leaves during the dry season.

Guanacaste Tree Leaf
Guanacaste Tree Leafs



The seeds of the Guanacaste tree are dispersed mostly by mammals that eat the fruit from this tree and as they move through different areas it is left at the time they lay their feces on the ground.


The flower is pollinated mostly by bees, wasps and other insects.


The seeds have a very hard cover, they need a mechanical process to germinate or to be eaten by an animal, passing out unharmed in waste and geminating where they fall.  Another option to make the seeds germinate is putting them in water for a while.

Geographical Distribution in Latin America:

It may be found all the way from Mexico to Colombia.  In Costa Rica it is mainly found on the lowlands of Guanacaste and in some areas like La Garita of Alajuela, Orotina of Puntarenas as well as in Palmar Norte and Palmar Sur in the Osa Peninsula.

Ecological Importance:

Its fruits are of great importance for the local fauna and its shade is also very important specially for the cattle in Guanacaste.

Guanacaste Tree seed
Guanacaste Tree Seed


...See also: Costa Rica Trees
...See also: Costa Rica Medicinal Plants


 Liberia Symbols  Nicoya Simbols
Liberia Coat of Arms Liberia Flag, Guanacaste Costa Rica Nicoya Coat of Arms  
Liberia coat of arms Liberia flag Nicoya coat of arms  




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Featured Liberia airport hotels in Costa Rica
Hotel Mangaby, Costa Rica Hotel Hilton Garden Inn, Costa Rica Hotel La Finisterra, Costa Rica
Hotel Mangaby

Hilton Garden Inn

Hotel La Finisterra


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